• Harne julianti Tou Universitas Bung Hatta
  • Melinda Noer Universitas Andalas
  • Helmi Universitas Andalas
Keywords: Tourism, Rural Tourism, Sustainable


Tourism is not only done in urban areas but also has been in great demand in the countryside. This is due to the beauty of nature, cultural uniqueness, and other characteristics in rural areas that attract visitors. Besides aiming to reduce the fatigue of activities in the city, tourists also want to experience nature and the life of rural communities. This literature study research seeks to identify the main pillars of sustainable rural tourism development. Sustainable rural tourism development is the development of the tourism sector in the village by observing the sustainability of tourism, such as efficient use of environmental resources while preserving natural heritage and biodiversity, including respecting the socio-cultural authenticity of the local community in terms of inter-cultural tolerance and should provide socio-economic benefits to all stakeholders, using qualitative descriptive methods. The writer analyzed the objects of the study in terms of tourism development, rural tourism, sustainable rural tourism development, and the role of stakeholders in rural tourism development. The main pillars found are culture and community participation (socio-culture), ecology (environment), and policy (politics).


Angelevska-Najdeska, K. and Rakicevik, G. (2012) 'Planning of Sustainable Tourism Development', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 44, pp. 210–220.

Asyari, H. (2015) Buku Pegangan Desa Wisata. Jogjakarta: Pustaka Zeedny.

Bramwell, B. (1994) 'Rural tourism and sustainable rural tourism', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2(1–2), pp. 1–6.

Creswell, J. W. (2015) Penelitian Kualitatif dan Desain Riset. I. Edited by S. Z. Qudsy. Yogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Damsar and Indrayani (2016) Pengantar Sosiologi Perdesaan. pertama. Jakarta: Kencana.

Fagioli, F. F., Diotallevi, F. and Ciani, A. (2014) 'Strengthening the sustainability of rural areas : the role of rural tourism and agritourism', Rivista di Economia Agraria, 2(3), pp. 155–169.

Fleischer, A. and Tchetchik, A. (2005) 'Does rural tourism benefit from agriculture?', Tourism Management.

Gkoumas, A. (2019) 'Evaluating a standard for sustainable tourism through the lenses of local industry', Heliyon. Elsevier Ltd, 5(11), p. e02707.

Guaita Martínez, J. M. et al. (2019) 'An analysis of the stability of rural tourism as a desired condition for sustainable tourism', Journal of Business Research. Elsevier, 100(March), pp. 165–174.

Irshad, H. (2010) 'Rural Tourism – an Overview October 2010', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, (October), pp. 1–30.

Kantar, S. and Svržnjak, K. (2017) 'Development of sustainable rural tourism', Deturope, 9(1), pp. 26–34.

Kavaliauskė, M. and Kočytė, R. (2014) 'Sustainable Tourism Development in Neringa Region', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 156(April), pp. 208–212.

Lane, B. (1994) 'What is rural tourism?', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2(1–2), pp. 7–21.

Lane, B. (2018) 'Will sustainable tourism research be sustainable in the future? An opinion piece', Tourism Management Perspectives. Elsevier, 25(December), pp. 161–164.

Lisiak Marta, Klaudia Borowiak, E. M. (2017) 'The concept of sustainable tourism development in rural areas – A case study of Zbąszyń commune', JOURNAL OF WATER AND LAND DEVELOPMENT, No. 32 (I–, pp. 63–69.

Nafila, O. (2013) ‘Peran Komunitas Kreatif dalam Pengembangan Pariwisata Budaya di Situs Megalitikum Gunung Padang’, Journal of Regional and City Planning, 24(1), p. 65.

Ning, C. and Hoon, O. D. (2011) 'Sustainable development strategy of tourism resources offered by regional advantage: Exploring the feasibility of developing an "exotic culture" resource for Weihai city of China', Procedia Engineering, 21, pp. 543–552.


Podovac, M. and Jovanović Tončev, M. (2016) 'The Importance of Sustainable Rural Tourism Development in Serbia', (December), pp. 575–581.

Rahmi, S. A. (2016) ‘Pembangunan Pariwisata Dalam Perspektif Kearifan Lokal’, Reformasi, 6(1), pp. 76–84.

Ristić, D., Vukoičić, D. and Milinčić, M. (2019) 'Tourism and sustainable development of rural settlements in protected areas - Example NP Кopaonik (Serbia)', Land Use Policy. Elsevier, 89(April), p. 104231.

Sanagustín Fons, M. V., Fierro, J. A. M. and Patiño, M. G. y. (2011) ‘Rural tourism: A sustainable alternative’, Applied Energy, 88(2), pp. 551–557.

Sani, R. M. and Mahasti, P. (2012) 'Regenerating Regional Identity for Sustainable Tourism Development Case Study: Eslami Island, Iran', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35(December 2011), pp. 523–530.

Setijawan, A. (2018) ‘Pembangunan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan dalam Perspektif Sosial Ekonomi’, Jurnal Planoearth, 3(1), p. 7.

Sharpley, R. (2000) 'Tourism and sustainable development: Exploring the theoretical divide', Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8(1), pp. 1–19.

Singgalen, Y. A. and Kudubun, E. E. (2017) ‘Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Pariwisata : Studi Kasus Kelompok Museum Pemerhati Sejarah Perang Dunia ke II di Kabupaten Pulau Morotai’, Jurnal Cakrawala, 6(2), pp. 199–228.

Snieška, V., Barkauskienė, K. and Barkauskas, V. (2014) 'The Impact of Economic Factors on the Development of Rural Tourism: Lithuanian Case', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 156(April), pp. 280–285.

Todaro (2000) Pembangunan Ekonomi di Dunia ke tiga. 1st edn. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Wanner, A., Seier, G. and Pröbstl-Haider, U. (2020) 'Policies related to sustainable tourism – An assessment and comparison of European policies, frameworks and plans', Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 29(February).

Warpani, S. P. (2007) Pariwisata Dalam Tata Ruang Wilayah. Bandung: ITB.

Wondirad, A. and Ewnetu, B. (2019) 'Community participation in tourism development as a tool to foster sustainable land and resource use practices in a national park milieu', Land Use Policy. Elsevier, 88(April), p. 104155.

How to Cite
Tou, H. julianti, Melinda Noer, & Helmi. (2022). SUSTAINABLE PILAR OF RURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT . JURNAL REKAYASA, 12(1), 47 - 58.